Thyroid – an indispensable organ of the endocrine system that produces substances that are responsible for many important processes. That is, it is responsible for the activity of the brain, heart activity, muscle tone, metabolic processes. Therefore, any thyroid problems will sooner or later be reflected in other organs and systems.

It is noted that thyroid disease develops much more often in women than in the stronger sex, and one of the common pathologies is the increase in this organ. Often, this is due to a lack of iodine intake, poor environmental conditions, constant stress, chronic infectious diseases, bad habits. We will find out what are the symptoms of diffuse enlargement of the thyroid gland and the methods of treatment for this diagnosis.

Symptoms of an increase in the thyroid gland

Symptoms of an increase in the thyroid and its hormones are not immediately apparent and depend on the stage of pathology. It is possible to observe changes only with palpation examination, ultrasound or X-ray examination. There are 5 stages of enlargement of the thyroid with such signs:

  1. In the first phase, when the palpation is increased, the gland is not diagnosed, but during swallowing of saliva and food, the patient may feel some discomfort.
  2. In the second stage, the enlarged lobes of the gland are already examined, and their increased isthmus is noticeable.
  3. The third stage is characterized by a visually appreciable size of the organ, which thickened the neck, changing its contours.
  4. The thyroid with the rise in the fourth degree starts not only to move forward, but also to the sides. Swallowing functions are considerably hampered.
  5. The hardest stage leads to disfigurement. The trachea and esophagus are traumatized, hindering the swallowing and breathing processes, the voice changes, and the patient feels considerable pain and discomfort.

Thyroid-Enlargement-Symptoms And-Treatment

The increase in the thyroid can be substantiated by such manifestations as follows:

  • Decrease or weight gain without obvious reasons;
  • Palpitations;
  • Fatigue, tiredness;
  • Irritability;
  • Problems with sleep;
  • Loss and dullness of the hair;
  • Sweat;
  • Irregular menstruation;
  • visual impairment;
  • Trembling of the hands;
  • inexplicable cough;
  • Stool diseases etc.

Treatment with an increase in the thyroid gland

To properly treat this pathology, the necessary diagnostic measures must first be performed, including:

  • a blood test for hormones;
  • Ultrasound;
  • Computer-assisted axial tomography
  • Core scans, etc.

The treatment methods depend on the reasons for the increase in thyroid gland, stages of the pathological process, comorbidities. It is easy to guess that the most easily treatable enlargement of the thyroid gland is 1 degree, so it is very important to early detection of the pathology. In neglected cases usually fail without surgical treatment.

In most cases, substitution therapy – taking hormone preparations. Also drugs that inhibit the functioning of the gland can recommend a special diet. One of the modern methods of treatment is radioiodine therapy – the use of radioactive iodine preparations to destroy glandular tissue.

Treatment of thyroid enlargement by FolkMittel can be performed only after diagnosis and with the permission of the doctor. The most effective folk method for the treatment of thyroid disease is the use of an alcohol tincture of cinquefoil white.

After the sport one likes to refresh oneself with a soft drink. Not a good idea, as a New York study showed, because the drinks have been proven to damage the kidneys and lead to prolonged dehydration.

Soft drinks bad for the kidneys

Soft drinks are far from healthy. Often they contain caffeine, flavors as well as sugar, fructose-glucose syrup or sweeteners. Meanwhile, they are co-responsible for the worldwide rising numbers of overweight and diabetics.

Researchers from New York University at Buffalo showed in January 2019 that sweet drinks can also affect kidney health when taken during or after exercise. The study appeared in the American Journal of Physiology.

soft-drinks-after-exercise-damage-the-kidneys

Soft drinks dehydrate

Previous studies from the 1990s have already shown that exercise – when practiced at high temperatures in summer – increases those blood levels that normally only increase when the kidneys have a problem.

At the same time there were studies (eg from July 2016) in which rats showed that soft drinks with a high fructose content increase the risk of kidney damage if the animals were very thirsty, ie already dehydrated.

The New York researchers now linked these two theses in their study. They wanted to find out how soft drinks – compared to water – changed the renal values ​​of dehydrated athletes during summer training.

Study: How do soft drinks affect sports?

The participants were 12 healthy and athletic adults with a median age of 24 years. They completed a 30-minute treadmill exercise and then did exercises that simulated physical work in agriculture for 15 minutes.

After a 45-minute workout, participants rested for 15 minutes and either received a popular caffeinated and flavored high fructose soft drink or water during that time. All in all, they repeated this one-hour procedure four times, so the participants exercised four times for 45 minutes each and then rested for 15 minutes each. At break there was always the corresponding drink.

A week later the same event took place again, but this time the groups were exchanged. Those athletes who had previously received the soft drink now drank water and vice versa.

Kidney values ​​worsen after soft drink consumption

On the training days, of course, blood samples were taken regularly – in each case before the training, immediately thereafter and also 24 hours later. The creatinine levels and the glomerular filtration rate were tested – both are markers that can detect kidney damage. Heart rate, body temperature, body weight and blood pressure were also checked.

As expected, both kidney-relevant blood levels in the soft drink groups increased. In addition, soft drink users were slightly dehydrated and had higher levels of vasopressin. Vasopression is a hormone that increases blood pressure while ensuring that the body releases as little water as possible from the urine, so that increased vasopressin levels also point to dehydration.

Never drink soft drinks while doing sports or doing physical work!

So, if you think after the summer training that you can supply yourself with soft drinks with liquid, you were wrong. Soft drinks do not rehydrate completely, on the contrary, they leave the body in a dehydrated state.

Of course, these results are not only for athletes who train in the heat, but also for people who (have to) do physical work at high temperatures.

Basically, you should quench your thirst – no matter which group of people you choose – with water. However, especially in the summer or when you sweat a lot, practice a lot or even compete and sometimes drink a lot of water, you should avoid low-mineral water and enrich the water instead with minerals or some sea or rock salt. Occasionally coconut water can also be used as a high quality isotonic thirst quencher.